The territory of the Republic of Moldova is crossed by the multimodal corridor IX following the route: Helsinki - St. Petersburg - Moscow - Kiev - Chisinau - Bucharest - Dimitrovgrad - Alexandroupolis.
Cuciurgan (Ukraine) - Novosavitcaia - Tighina - Chisinau - Ungheni - Cristesti (Romania) sector coincides with E 95 railway line of the Moldovan part of the "European Agreement on Main International Railway lines".
The total length of the railway network managed by Moldovan Railways Company is 1,232 km, of which 1,218 km are with wide gauge (1,520 mm) and 14 km are with normal gauge (European 1435 mm).
The main railway junctions of the Republic of Moldova are located in Chisinau, Ungheni, Ocnita, Balti and Basarabeasca.
Number of stations of the main railway junctions in the North, Center, South:
For the development of policies in the field of railway transport, the Ministry has the mission to:
In the context of developing and promoting the policy of the Government of the Republic of Moldova in the field of railway transport, the Railway Transport Service works directly with the State Enterprise "Moldovan Railways" (Calea Ferată din Moldova - CFM), which is the national railway transport company of the Republic of Moldova and is currently managing the infrastructure, passenger and freight transport by rail in the Republic of Moldova.
As a specialized central body, the Ministry of Infrastructure and Regional Development develops policies in the field of waterborne transport in the Republic of Moldova and implements them through the Naval Agency.
The priority of the Ministry in the field of waterborne transport is to align national legislation with the European one, as well as to honour the commitments undertaken within the framework of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) on issues related to:
The Republic of Moldova has two inland waterways of international importance of category E, classified in accordance with the provisions of the European Agreement on the Main Inland Waterways of International Importance, to which the Republic of Moldova is a party, as well as access to the Black Sea, through the maritime section of the Danube river at km 133.8 (maritime mile 72.2).
The following naval infrastructure objectives are located on the Nistru River and the Prut River:
Giurgiulesti Port complex is the only port in Moldova that offers direct access to international waterways and the Black Sea and it serves as a favourable point for entry and exit of goods into/from Moldova.
Located less than a kilometre away from the border with Romania/EU and the border with Ukraine, Giurgiulesti Port is situated at the crossroads of several international trade routes between EU countries and Eastern European states, states of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea regions.
The distance from Giurgiulesti to Chisinau is 223 km, to Galati - 10 km, to Bucharest - 247 km, to Lviv - 776 km, to Kiev - 686 km, to Minsk - 1,238 km and to Moscow - 1,532 km. At the regional level Giurgiulesti Port is positioned as a logistics center on the border with the European Union, having access to road, rail, river and maritime communication routes.
Giurgiulesti Port complex includes:
- Oil Products Terminal;
- Container and General Cargo Terminal;
- Bulk Cargo Terminal;
- Vegetable Oil Terminal;
- Grain Terminal;
- Mixed Gauge Railway Terminal;
- RORO Terminal (under construction).
Air transport policies are elaborated at the central level by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Regional Development, and the Civil Aviation Authority of the Republic of Moldova is in charge of their implementation.
The Republic of Moldova, on the one hand, and the European Union and its Member States, on the other hand, desiring to create a common aviation area based on the goal of opening access to international markets, with equal conditions of competition, and respect of the same rules – including in the areas of safety, security, air traffic management, social aspects and the environment have signed on 26 June 2012, in Brussels, the Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova (CAAA).
As a result, the progressive liberalization of air transport services has contributed to attracting low-cost operators, reducing prices for passengers, diversifying routes and increasing competition. In 2019, the number of passengers travelling through Chisinau International Airport reached 2,995,641, which is an increase by 60% if compared to 2014.
The main priority in the field of air transport is the transposition of Annex III to the CAAA (65 EU acts). Currently, 31 EU act has been transposed into national law.
Full transposition of Annex III of the CAAA provides for the possibility for the Republic of Moldova to obtain the fifth freedom right for national carriers in providing air transport services within the EU territory.
Railway transport legislation
Waterborne transport legislation
Road transport legislation
Air transport legislation